Monitoring your way to higher profits
There has never been a better time to measure and monitor your energy use. Rising energy costs are having a serious impact on some businesses, and the imminent Streamlined Energy and Carbon Reporting (SECR) regulations, which take effect in 2019, will require some 12,000 UK businesses to make their energy use, carbon emissions, and energy efficiency actions, publicly available alongside some reference comparison metrics.
Monitoring power and energy usage in a facility or installation can often identify hidden issues that affect both operational and environmental quality, can pinpoint the reasons for higher than desired energy use, and can reveal the causes of more frequent equipment repair and replacement.
Measuring and recording the performance of energy-using equipment over time, and periodically monitoring critical machinery and high energy consuming building equipment to ensure proper operation, is the only way to verify whether the equipment or system performs optimally. Studies by the Carbon Trust show savings of up to 20% can be achieved in this area through energy efficiency measures such as, but not restricted to, installing variable-speed drives for fans, pumps, and other motor driven systems.
Metering energy usage 24 hours a day throughout a typical week can identify out of hours usage, which accounted for 46% of all energy consumption in 6000 UK SME’s according to a recent British gas survey of smart meters. This included such things a lighting, heating and IT equipment being left powered up in unoccupied offices, and car park lighting left on night and day all year round. Office equipment plays a significant role in the energy consumption of a small business and turning off non-essential equipment at the end of the day can achieve savings of 12%. Office equipment left on standby during Bank Holidays and weekends will cost the average SME up to £6,000 per year.
Up to 40% of a building’s electricity use is accounted for by lighting, and installation of occupancy sensors can reduce electricity use by 30%. Adjusting the artificial lighting according to the amount of natural light in a room using daylight sensors or photocells can reduce electricity use by up to 40%, and of course there’s simply replacing existing lighting with LED modules. Many LED replacements consume 80% less power than an incandescent bulb with the same light output.
But, only by measuring and monitoring energy use can all of these things be identified and rectified, with before and after energy use figures available to calculate savings, and justify any necessary expenditure.
Apart from these efficiency measures, permanent monitoring of an installation also allows other parameters such as power factor to be measured and recorded, and there is an increasing trend in facilities unknowingly operating at poor power factor. The problem is that as they evolve and install new equipment over time, and as any previously installed power factor correction equipment slowly “wears out”, which it does, their power factor decreases.
So, while business owners and accountants are worrying about energy prices, many are completely unaware that for the sake of some simple monitoring and correction equipment, their business may be seriously falling short of what is required to be electrically efficient. In fact, alarmingly, recent studies showed many examples where as much as 50% of the electricity being consumed by some businesses was literally going to waste.
Other issues that can be identified and measured through the continuous monitoring of an installation include harmonic currents. These are on the rise due to increasing numbers of installed LED lighting and improved efficiency VSD’s, which, while saving energy, can also introduce their own problems to the installation supply.